I -- am your voice, the warmth of your breath, I -- am the reflection of your face, The futile trembling of futile wings, I am with you to he end, in any case.
That's why you so fervently love Me in my weakness and in my sin; That's why you impulsively gave Me the best of your sons; That's why you never even asked Me for any word of him And blackened my forever-deserted home With fumes of praise. And they say -- it's impossible to fuse more closely, Impossible to love more abandonedly. . .
As the shadow from the body wants to part, As the flesh from the soul wants to separate, So I want now -- to be forgotten..
We need to stop sending our young people, our children, our sons and daughters off to kill and be killed simply so that scared men who are, themselves, damaged by all the evils of patriarchy, can continue to refuse to examine their own shadows. On Memorial Day weekend, this is my will. So mote it be.
Biorgaphers report that, "After the end of the Second World War . . . Akhmatova was labeled 'alien to the Soviet people' for her 'eroticism, mysticism, and political impartiality.'" Of course, eroticism and mysticism are two of the most marked characteristics of the Russians. And, of course, the more that Soviet officials declared her "alien to the Soviet people," the more the Russian people loved her.
First, let me just say that "The Wild Hunt" is such a great name for a Pagan blog that I am really, really jealous that I didn't think of it.
Second, the blog does an interesting review of some Pagan music, including, this week, a group called Abney Park that I like well enough to put some of their songs on my iPod (bite me, Jacob Weisberg). There's also (pace NTodd, you'll always be my favorite podcaster!), a podcast that's worth listening to.
BBC reports that "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has arrived in [gas-rich] Bolivia and signed a number of far-reaching accords with his counterpart Evo Morales. The deals include alliances between the state-owned oil companies and new joint mining and fertiliser ventures." It further notes that, "On Friday, Venezuela also signed a deal - delayed by pressure from the US - for eight military patrol boats from Spain. Washington says Mr Chavez is working to undermine US influence in the region." Gee, George, ya think?
BBC notes that Bolivian President Morales called the alliance an "axis of good". Chavez, Morales, and a Cuban representative believe that their system will benefit workers, peasants, and indigenous people.
As far as George Bush knows, South America does not exist. No one there, apparently, ever threatened to shoot his daddy.
Since the NYT and the kook kidz of the DC press corp are far more interested in how often the Clintons manage to have dinner together than they are in what Hillary has to say, I thought it only fair to reprint the text of her recent remarks on energy policy. Just in case anyone, you know, thought that might be as important as the precise lemon-yellow color of her pantsuit (or the fact that the scarf she's wearing is a Hermes plisse).
It is wonderful to be back here at the Press Club. And I thank you for the invitation.
I am delighted to have a chance to talk about an issue that is not going away, and it is not just about gas prices, because we've been here before. We've seen gas prices go up and the country scurry around trying to decide what to do to wean ourselves from imported oil, to be more self-sufficient, only to have gas prices fall and everybody just forget about what we need to do to protect ourselves going forward.
So we've been hearing a lot about energy policy in the last several months, and I was thinking about my own very first encounter with the problems that we are coping with today.
About 35 years ago, I was in law school and I edited a paper for a fellow student who was writing about an obscure organization that I had never heard of, which would soon, he posited, be very important to the world's economy. It was called OPEC, or something like that.
And I have never forgotten that because, like most Americans, I had grown up with very cheap gas. My late father used to love gas wars. He would drive for miles. We'd get in the car, we'd spend hours looking for 20 cent gas. And sometimes you'd get to one corner and there'd be this gas war going on and, you know, the Sinclair station would be at 20 cents and then all of a sudden the Esso station would be at 19 cents. My father lived for that.
So from my perspective, energy had never been a problem, other than being told to turn off the lights when you left a room and turning down the thermostat at night.
I was like most Americans: not really tuned in to what it could mean if we let our energy future basically be determined by interests and forces outside of our own country and our own authority.
So while the security and the environmental challenges of our reliance on high-priced, mostly imported oil are very real, it is the economic challenge that is most visible to every American: those higher gas prices, rising inflation and now higher interest rates.
So Americans today are once again feeling the effects of runaway oil prices and the failure of our energy policies.
Now, there are no easy answers to the complexity of this problem, but I believe that we can get our arms around it. It will take a well-funded, comprehensive approach with staying power. Government has to change basically our do-nothing policies. Businesses have to be part of the solution, not the problem, and provide accessibility, efficiency and innovation. And we as citizens have to do much more to reduce our dependence on oil and begin to conserve and demonstrate more energy efficiency.
We can't just point fingers and, sort of, place blame on anyone else: foreigners over there, oil companies over here. The ball is in our court. It is up to us to act and to act soon. It is going to require a virtual revolution in our thinking about energy and in the actions that must follow.
Now, energy is at the heart of the three great challenges we face as a nation: How do we keep our economy strong in a more competitive world? How do we keep our communities safe in a more dangerous world? And how do we protect our values in a rapidly changing world?
Our present system of energy is weakening our national security, hurting our pocketbooks, violating our common values and threatening our children's future.
Right now, instead of national security dictating our energy policy, our failed energy policy dictates our national security.
We would never leave 10 percent of our military or intelligence assets vulnerable to an easy attack. But that's what we've allowed to happen with oil.
Just one terminal in Saudi Arabia handles about one out of every 12 barrels of the world's oil exports. That's enough to trigger a new crisis beyond the scale of the 1970s if it were cut off. Onem terrorist attack has already been foiled there, and other threats have been made.
We would never deliberately put ourselves in a position that allowed Iran to believe that because of its oil reserves it is invulnerable to sanctions for its dangerous nuclear program, or for Sudan to think that China will protect it from the consequences of genocide in Darfur in return for access to oil, or for Russia to use its energy policy to pressure its smaller neighbors.
But as world demand for oil pushes prices higher and intensifies the competition for future supplies, those are just some of the consequences of our present energy policy.
Energy we all know is essential to our economic security, and the trend lines are terrible.
Petroleum imports accounted for nearly one-third of our trade deficit last year. Now, that does hurt everyone. It does have economic consequences in the short, medium and long term.
Some industries face immediate threats. Every penny increase in gas prices costs U.S. airlines $180 million. Now, imagine what will happen if, as predicted, costs continue to double every five years.
High energy costs burden business and diminish our competitiveness, and they're also a strain on families. When energy prices are rising faster than incomes, every family feels the consequences, but our most vulnerable families feel them the worst.
Almost one in three low-income families have skipped medical or dental care, and almost one in four have missed a rent or mortgage payment because of energy expenses.
And finally, our values demand that we be good stewards of the planet for our children and our children's children. We are failing that simple moral test if we continue to stand by as the Earth warms faster than at any time in the past 200,000 years.
I have seen firsthand and have heard from the natives in places from Point Barrow, Alaska, to Svalbard, Norway, about the consequences of global warming. And now thanks to former Vice President Al Gore, who has been a committed visionary on global warming for more than two decades, everyone can see those consequences for themselves at a local movie theater.
But this is not a time, I would argue, for hand-wringing or despair, despite the formidable challenges we confront. We can fix these problems together by changing to a clean energy future fueled by innovation and efficiency.
And, of course, the alternative is pretty stark: If we don't change, our problems will only worsen.
The Department of Energy forecasts that demand for oil worldwide will rise more than 30 percent by 2025. Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use will rise almost 30 percent over the same period.
So our economy and our environment cannot afford the status quo.
And we can start not just looking at the problems, debating the problems, but understanding what prevents us from dealing with them. And I think that there are two myths that still block us from action and that boil down to the idea that we as individuals, as communities, as businesses, even as our country, are basically powerless.
You know, that kind of fatalism is just wrong. I would also argue that it is un-American.
First, too many people are still stuck on the idea that we will struggle for a very long time, hurt our economy and lose jobs if we try to change the way we fuel transportation and provide electricity to our economy.
But if we look at the evidence, that myth just does not hold up. In fact, the present crisis offers us a great opportunity to improve the lives of all Americans with more predictable energy prices, in a cleaner environment, with technology-driven job growth and new economic dynamism.
And the sooner we start, the sooner the benefits will kick in.
Denmark now gets 20 percent of its power from wind. Brazil makes enough ethanol to power 40 percent of its cars. Britain's switch to clean energy technologies has created hundreds of thousands of jobs in the last five years, while GDP has risen and the U.K. has hit its Kyoto targets to reduce greenhouse gases ahead of schedule.
We're now spending far more on military security in the Persian Gulf than it would cost to jumpstart a clean energy future with all the benefits in new jobs, enhanced security and reduced global climate change.
Here at home, energy guru Amery Lovins estimates that taking steps to eliminate our oil dependence will actually save the U.S. economy tens of billions of unproductive dollars per year by 2025. And that doesn't even count the benefits for our security and the environment.
Now, this can't happen overnight. And it does require a major change in policy and attitudes, not just in the government but also in the private sector and, indeed, in each of our lives.
But we need to resist the idea that kicking the oil habit will wreck our economy. In fact, the greater risk is that we will wreck our economy by failing to kick the habit.
Second, we need to discard the myth that conservation can't play a large role in our transformation. The easiest way to reduce our dependence on oil immediately is to use less.
Now, for some, it's become almost fashionable to make fun of conservation. A few years ago Vice President Cheney famously mocked conservation as nothing but a, quote, "sign of personal virtue irrelevant to our national energy needs." Now, the truth is that conservation is not just a personal virtue, but an important part of any sensible energy policy.
We worked our way out of the last big energy crisis in the '70s and early '80s almost entirely through conservation. From 1977 to 1985, our economy grew by 3 percent a year while oil use dropped 2 percent each year, driven by the increasing efficiency of our vehicles, our appliances, our businesses.
Think about this: If we got back on that pace today, it would take less than three years to reduce oil consumption by an amount equal to what we import from the Persian Gulf.
The opportunities are overwhelming. About 80 percent of the energy potential of oil is wasted in internal combustion engines. More than half the energy potential of coal is wasted in traditional utility plants. Almost all of our homes and commercial buildings could use energy more efficiently.
American business knows something the vice president needs to find out: Conservation is about efficiency, about doing more with less, not doing less with less.
Companies like General Electric and Dow Chemical have made major efforts to improve energy efficiency, and they've seen major improvements in their bottom line.
Six months ago, I outlined a set of proposals in a speech to an enthusiastic group of clean energy venture capitalists. It's called the Cleantech Venture Network. They're actually investing money in this new energy future, and they're being joined every day by more and more smart investors.
Today, I want to suggest a concrete goal of reducing our dependence on foreign oil by at least 50 percent by 2025. That would be a reduction in oil consumption of just under 8 million barrels a day.
Now, I believe a 50 by '25 initiative will energize our economy, not undermine it.
And how will we get there? Two words: innovation and efficiency. They encompass the three major tasks that I want to discuss today.
First, we need to convert our liquid fuel base from oil to biomass. That can reduce our consumption by 4 million barrels a day by 2025.
Second, we need to change our reliance on high-carbon electricity sources to low-carbon electricity sources through innovations in renewables such as solar and wind, as well as carbon dioxide sequestration.
The third task is efficiency: getting much more from the cars, buildings, power plants, manufacturing processes we have. Just by major efficiencies in cars, expanding hybrids, getting more fuel- efficiency from trucks, industrial and residential sources, we can reduce consumption by another 4 million barrels a day.
Now, efficiency will start us down the road to a better energy future, but an independent, clean energy future will require dramatic innovations. The possibilities are greater than ever for government, science and industry to succeed.
For example, scientists estimate that the wind potential of just three states -- Texas, Kansas and North Dakota -- is equal to more than half of the electricity we consume today. California could meet half of its power needs from solar alone.
Technology is finally bringing down the prices and making these innovations closer to commercial application every day.
Wind is the fastest-growing power source in our country and worldwide. It's now competitive with coal in areas where the conditions are right.
Both solar and wind costs drop by one-third every time capacity doubles, and that's now happening about every two years.
Last year, power generated from solar cells increased by 57 percent. And many states are making big bets on alternative energy, from solar arrays in Arizona to wind farms in Maine.
In upstate New York, there is a new wind farm that's gone in on acreage that has until now been primarily devoted to dairy farmers.
And it's got enough wind power to provide electricity to 50,000 homes. And it also, by the payments that it makes to the farmers, guarantees the farmers can stay on their land.
But we can't just wait for innovation. Just like the Manhattan or Apollo Projects, it takes focus and dedicated resources to make it happen.
That's why today I'll be introducing legislation for a strategic energy fund. We need a serious commitment from government to prioritize advanced energy and a commitment from our oil companies to reinvest their unanticipated profits into our shared energy future.
I want the oil companies to be part of the solution. Last year the top six oil companies had combined profits of $113 billion; more than the annual income of 170 countries.
Now, ExxonMobil had, you know, the highest profits in corporate history. Yet when CEO Lee Raymond was asked about how much his company had invested in alternative energy over the last decade, his reply was, and I quote, "a negligible amount."
Well, that's unexcusable. You know, the oil industry is making $300 million a day, not because they planned on it, not because of great managerial expertise, but because of escalating world demand and therefore increasing prices for this commodity that they didn't create in the first place.
I think it's time that we made sure they put a fair share of their profits toward a sound energy future.
Last month I joined with colleagues in writing the president to ask him to support Senator Cantwell's legislation to make price-gouging a federal crime in our oil and gasoline markets. Now, we still haven't heard back. But I want to reiterate that call today.
But we can do better than that. And here's how.
We need to reform our energy taxes so that large oil companies who reap huge benefits from unexpectedly high energy prices over the next two years will be required to pay a portion of their profits into the strategic energy fund.
Basically, if you take an average of their profits from 2000 to 2004, you add a 10 percent figure on top of that, then you can get to a point where those profits for just two years would be invested in the strategic energy fund.
Now, the oil companies would have the option: They wouldn't have to invest if they did this themselves, if they began making investments in biofuels, in other forms of renewable energy, in new, cleaner refining capacity, solar, wind. If they did it themselves, then they wouldn't have to pay into the fund.
And we ought to repeal the tax breaks that even the oil companies have told us they don't need and put that money into the fund as well.
With prices, profits and with these tax breaks in the fund, you could raise about $50 billion: more than enough to begin the energy revolution that we need.
Now, some of that money should go to reforming our tax code into an incentive not a disincentive to invest in clean fuels and diversify our energy sources.
Right now, our tax policies are totally upside down. We give large tax breaks for oil exploration far from our shores and limited tax breaks for installing biofuel pumps at America's gas stations.
We give consumers better tax breaks for buying Humvees than for purchasing hybrids and using clean energy.
So I support comprehensive legislation that would overhaul our energy taxes; signal the market we're in this for the long run by extending for 10 years the production tax credit; spur demand by doubling consumer tax breaks for hybrids, clean diesel and other advanced vehicles; and create a new tax incentive for fleet owners to purchase more efficient vehicles; speed the development of cellulosic ethanol by providing loan guarantees for the first billion gallons of commercial production capacity; ramp up the availability of ethanol by providing gas station owners with a 50 percent tax credit for the cost of installing ethanol pumps; and then extend and increase tax incentives for homeowners and businesses who will make their homes and businesses more energy-efficient -- there's a lot of good information out there abut how to do it, but unfortunately not much incentive to do it.
The strategic energy fund would allow government and business to work together to help solve some of the toughest scientific challenges that we have to deal with when it comes to energy and climate.
You know, we have the National Institutes of Health that promote partnerships for innovation. We ought to have something like a national institute of energy.
That's why last September I proposed a research agency modeled on the DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency. And I was delighted that later that fall the National Academy of Science report endorsed the concept.
Now, DARPA was created what Sputnik went up. And the entire country just reacted as one -- "How could this happen?" It was a very unwelcome surprise.
Well, it was created with the idea we would bring our best minds together -- our universities, our business research labs, as well as government -- to try to figure out how to jumpstart and get ahead of the Soviet Union when it came to space technology.
Well, this succeeded, with stealth technology and global positioning satellites that empower our military, as well as a few surprises that today we all live with, namely the Internet and even the computer mouse.
Now, we'll never find the equivalent of stealth technology for energy if we don't look for it. Since 1978, federal and private spending on energy-related research and development has fallen more than 60 percent.
I propose that over the next five years we devote from the strategic energy fund $9 billion into this advanced research project agency for energy; we encourage creative, competitive projects; we think outside the box; we tell young inventors who maybe nobody's ever heard of before that there will be prizes for inventions that can help us move more quickly on the path to energy independence.
We also need to put the enormous purchasing power of the federal government to work, to help create markets for renewable electricity, more efficient vehicles and appliances, and biofuels. Federal buildings should be designed whenever possible and then retrofitted as well to meet the highest green building standards.
By 2010, we should require that the federal government purchase the most efficient cars made. That would create an annual market of more than 60,000 vehicles to spur continual improvements in technology.
By 2013, we should require that 10 percent of federal electricity purchases come only from renewable sources.
And by 2020 we should reduce federal oil consumption by 40 percent.
I'm very proud that in New York the Binghamton federal building was the first in the country to purchase 100 percent of its electricity from renewals.
Now, we can do all of this, and there are so many exciting developments. You know, if I'd here five years ago or 10 years ago, I couldn't have stood up here and said that we can do this, because we hadn't made some of the breakthroughs and it would have been a much more difficult path.
Yes, we could have done it, but it would have been much harder than what I believe is possible now.
You know, wind and solar power are terrific examples. Right now there's a two- to three-month backlog of orders for solar cells like the kind that are in the Clinton Library in Little Rock.
And wind is the fastest-growing source of energy. And one of the largest solar power systems in the country is at the Marine base in Twentynine Palms California, generating 10 percent of the base's needs.
We need a renewable portfolio standard to require 20 percent of electricity produced from wind, solar and other renewables by 2020.
Now, there is so much money to be made from this. And a couple of visionary companies have really gotten out ahead.
I want to applaud G.E. for its extraordinary commitment to a new energy future. G.E. will sell, this year, $3.5 billion worth of wind turbines and expects sales to reach $5 billion next year.
That supports jobs in four states, including my own. Investing in renewable energy creates more jobs than other energy investments; 40 percent more than a comparable investment in coal, for example.
Now, companies from Europe and Japan are flooding into energy markets that were pioneered by Americans. I don't want to lose either that technological edge or the jobs and exports that come from that kind of commitment.
Now, we can also make a gallon of gas go a lot further. You all have been reading and hearing a lot about the use of home-grown energy, clean diesel and ethanol made from corn, sugarcane, cellulosic materials.
We have an underused resource, American farmland, and rural communities across our country eager to try something new and do their part to help solve our energy problems.
Today we have 97 biorefineries located in 19 different states with the capacity to make nearly 4.5 billion gallons of ethanol.
Now, over the next 12 to 18 months, we will increase that capacity by 50 percent. And we're seeing it in New York as we're seeing it around the country.
But think about that: We have the capacity to make nearly 4.5 billion gallons of ethanol, but that is a long way from helping us deal with our gas problems. We need to be moving on a much faster track.
And last week, I met with the CEOs of the big three auto companies. They are enthusiastically ramping up production of flex-fuel vehicles. But there's hardly anywhere in the country to get your vehicle fueled if it's flex-fuel.
So we need to take immediate steps to make sure that the rapid expansion in biofuels continues and that we not only have the vehicles that can run on ethanol, but we have places where you can get them filled.
Right now there are more than 5 million flex-fuel vehicles on the road. Their owners may not even know it. Automakers could start with a good news recall to let owners know what's under their hoods and where to find a biofuel station.
We should put a $1 billion from the strategic energy fund into research aimed at unlocking the full potential of cellulosic ethanol. We can expand loan guarantees to help the first 1 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol capacity come on-line.
And I think we've got to take action on this pump issue or we're just spinning our wheels, so to speak. I propose that we have ethanol pumps at 50 percent of gas stations nationwide by 2015 and 100 percent by 2025.
Obviously, these are goals. I hope we can go even faster.
We should start by requiring the big oil companies to install ethanol pumps at all the stations they own. We should also provide a tax incentive to the independents and other owners to do so over the next 10 years, and then a mandate to get it done immediately.
You know, biofuels is a tremendous opportunity for us, but we need to make sure we seize it. And the only way to do that is to have a supply and a demand chain that actually works for the average driver.
Now, as we talk about innovative clean fuels, I want to just mention clean diesel, because we don't use clean diesel as much in our country as they do in Europe, and I think it's another opportunity. Again, a home-grown opportunity.
Just two quick examples. At Corning, a wonderful company I represent in New York, they're making the filters to go on to school buses to clean up the pollution from old diesel. So they're dealing with the environmental impact of diesel.
At Cummins engine plant in Jamestown, they're building the engines that run on low-sulfur diesel. And we have to get the low-sulfur diesel rule fully implemented by 2007, which is the deadline.
The oil companies already got one delay, and we can't let that happen again, because companies like Cummins are investing billions of dollars in making sure that we have low-sulfur engines on the road. And if the oil companies won't step up to the plate on cleaner fuels, then they need to get out of the way and let innovative companies do that.
We also are making some progress in fuel cells, thanks to companies like Plug Power, General Motors, Delphi, Kodak. But we haveto deal with coal, because we have huge resources of coal. Coal is to us what oil is to Saudi Arabia. And part of our domestic strategy must involve coal.
But unless we learn to burn it cleanly, the price of independence from imported oil by using coal will be accelerated global warming. Even if the United States never burned another lump of coal, China is bringing on-line a 1,000 megawatt coal-fired power plant every 10 days. So if we're going to reassert our leadership on climate change -- which I think we should -- we've got to deal with coal.
And the first step is to take a mandatory cap-and-trade system, like that developed in the McCain Lieberman legislation that I support, but obviously going out and trying to reengage the rest of the world in this issue.
But unless we get to clean coal, it's going to be very hard to achieve.
Geologic sequestration, storing carbon deep within the earth after you extract the carbon from the burning coal, holds the key to making coal use compatible with the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Scientists believe we will be able to store nearly all of the carbon dioxide we currently emit for hundreds of years. But we need more real-world data, and that can only come from large-scale testing.
I propose we do two things to scale up the potential of clean coal.
First, undertake five large-scale tests of geologic sequestration in a variety of settings to really investigate the viability of this technology.
Second, provide tax credits for carbon sequestration to encourage domestic oil production. Oil companies already inject carbon dioxide into mature fields like the ones we have here in the United States to recover oil. The Department of Energy estimates that with oil priced at $40 or higher per barrel, it is economical, with ample CO2 supply, to use CO2 to recover 47 billion barrels of oil from existing U.S. fields.
Think of what we could recover at today's prices, as we were cleaning the air at the same time.
Nuclear is now very much in the news as a potential power source because of its lack of contribution to global warming. If you look at nuclear energy, which currently provides 20 percent of our energy with virtually
no emission of greenhouse gases, we do have to take a serious look, but there remain very serious questions about nuclear power and our ability to manage it in a world with suicidal terrorists.
So I have real concerns, specifically about a plant in my state near where I live, Indian Point, which has had a number of problems, and more generally with the capacity and quality of the oversight provided by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
So we need to resolve problems with the NRC, as well as questions of cost, safety, proliferation and waste, before we go forward with nuclear power.
But we can do all of that on the research/demonstration side while we are getting more efficient at the same time. You know, we could look at all of the options for efficiency. And there are many that we are just basically ignoring.
You know, last year in Auburn, New York, Nucor Steel spent $14 million on a continuous reheat furnace, money it will earn back in just three years through efficiency savings and higher productivity.
Texas Instruments was going to build its next plant in another country. Through efficiency, it decided to stay and build in Texas.
So I just would make a plea that we do more to set the standards for energy efficiency and let businesses and homes and others know more about what each of us can do and provide some technical assistance and support.
That's especially important with low-income people because we haven't done anywhere near what we should on weatherization of homes, which again helps cut bills for the persons living in the home but also saves energy for the rest of us.
Let's now talk about transportation, which is the hardest issue of all.
First, we do need to do more on mass transit. We need to look at places in our country where mass transit makes sense and make the investment.
Some states are doing that.
Now, we are missing a tremendous opportunity to save money and save energy because we haven't done enough on mass transit.
But we have to look at how we make more efficiency in transportation. We have to change the engines and fuels in the cars that Americans drive.
Hybrids is an example of what we need to do. You know, most foreign oil is used in automobiles: about 70 percent. And the surest way to reduce oil consumption is through hybrid technology that increases fuel-efficiency by 30 percent to 40 percent.
Hybrid sales are doubling every year. Manufacturers like Ford are setting ambitious goals for new hybrid production. We have major new improvements in hybrid engines coming on line. There's a really great partnership between General Motors, DaimlerChrysler and BMW that'll build state-of-the-art hybrid engines less than 50 miles from here in Baltimore.
The next step is hybrid plug-ins, enabling drivers to use household electricity to recharge car batteries at night. I saw some of these. They were on display on Capitol Hill. You can drive 100 miles or more for every gallon of fuel you put in the tank.
I also recommend what's called a fee-bate. That means for the least efficient old cars we need to provide a tax incentive so that people trade them in for more efficient cars.
And, finally, I do believe it's vital we make progress on fuel- efficiency standards. We can't separate, however, the challenge of making auto manufacturing more energy-efficient and the challenge of making U.S. manufacturing more competitive.
I believe we could do both. We need to be sure that our high standards don't provide an easy excuse for more auto jobs to leave the U.S., but I don't think that's the reason not to do it. We just need to be more creative about it.
We've been in a stalemate on CAFE standards for quite some time. I've worked with Senator Obama on legislation to offer auto companies assistance with retiree health care costs in exchange for them investing more in fuel-efficient cars.
That's a start. But we need the carmakers, the unions and the Bush administration to hammer this out. This is one of those moments that cries out for presidential leadership.
And President Bush will be meeting with the CEOs of the big three auto makers on June 2nd. And I think we should challenge all sides to take that opportunity to come back to Congress with a real proposal that will reform and raise our car fuel-efficiency standards and provide Detroit with the help it needs to ensure that the cars are designed and built here in the United States.
I also fully endorse an idea that Senator Lugar has been promoting.
We need a new commitment to a Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Specifically, we should increase it to hold 90 days of supply. We should use mandates and incentives to ensure that distributors hold similar stocks of gasoline, heating oil, jet fuel and other refined products. We should update the process of releasing oil from the reserve to make it transparent and responsive to short- term
market swings. And beyond that, we do need to work with other countries to build up strategic reserves in places like China and India that also can be buffeted by the global economy if they are not prepared, and that can then set off panic in the global marketplace.
This should be the first step of a major effort, as Senator Lugar has proposed, to develop strategic partnerships with those countries to work cooperatively on clean coal, climate change and other energy issues we cannot solve in isolation.
So here we are. There's a lot to be done, and I know that this is probably a more wonkish speech than many of you anticipated. But I feel so strongly about this because I'm afraid what has happened before will happen again.
Gas prices go up, everybody's in a panic, everybody talks about what we have to do. Gas prices go down. The sense of urgency recedes, and we just keep, sort of, stumbling forward into an energy future that we are not in control of.
Oil sits at $70 a barrel. Goldman Sachs predicts $100 a barrel by 2010.
So we have two choices here. We have two paths we can pursue.
You know, we can just let people stew in it and they can't afford to get to work; that's their problem.
I ran into a woman the other day who said, "You know, Senator Clinton, I don't know what I'm going to do. You know, my commute, 25 miles each way, is now costing me about $100 more. I don't know where that money's going to come from."
We can wait for the terrible potential of a terrorist attack to hit a pipeline, to hit a terminal, with all that that will mean to the world economy.
We can see global warming slowly but surely have the incredible effects it's having, from flooding and storms to desertification.
Or we can make a choice. And this is where I come down.
You know, I remember sitting in my office about a year and a half ago. And we were debating the McCain-Lieberman bill on the floor, which I have continually supported.
And one of my colleagues came to the floor in opposition. And he just basically said, "We can't do this. It'll ruin our economy. We'll go backwards. It'll destroy the American standard of living."
And I just couldn't believe what I was hearing. And I got up and I went to the floor and I said, "Since when have Americans become so fatalistic that we go around saying 'We can't do it, we can't do it'?"
That is not the tradition of our country. We can do it. We just need a commitment to do it. And we need the leadership in both the public and the private sectors to get it done.
And I believe that we definitely can get it done. So from my position today, I hope we make the right choice.
One excellent side effect of the publicity that Al Gore is receiving for AIT is the renewed (you should pardon the expression) interest in all kinds of non-polluting, or green, energy. BBC has a fascinating article on one of the most interesting forms of green energy -- energy harvesting. As BBC explains, energy harvesting looks "at ways to tap into the energy available from the workings of the human body or transport vibrations." The article notes that the "concept was pioneered by the military sector, largely bankrolled by the DARPA in the United States (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency).
Their interest is mainly in reducing the need for soldiers to carry heavy rechargeable batteries that serve essential yet power-hungry communication devices. So they've looked at how 'heel-strike' generators, powered through the pumping motion of a footstep, can be embedded within a boot heel. These devices currently achieve upwards of 3 - 6 watts of power output."
The vibrations created when cars drive through tunnels could be used to power the lights in the tunnels. The vibrations created when hundreds of consumers walk from the subway to the street could generate the power used to heat the subway station. Eventually, energy harvesting could become a regular feature of all kinds of architecture.
There may not be one grand "answer" to our need for clean energy. There may be thousands of small answers that comprise both conservation and green energy. Energy harvesting is a great idea. Hopefully, the focus on AIT will lead to more funding for similar good ideas.
Prior Aelred sent me this article from Project for the Old American Century, that does an excellent job of explaining a point I've been trying to make in several recent posts: "'A coup d'etat ... or just coup ... for short, is the sudden overthrow of (taking over from) a government. Unlike a revolution, which usually takes large numbers of people to take over, a coup can be done by a small number of people, or even one person, if they, for example, control the country's army,' Wikipedia
Generally, a coup is seen as the overthrow of those in power by another - usually with support of at least part of the military. Often this is imagined as a swift move followed by a consolidation operation (kill or expel those who were previously in power). However, a coup seems to be occurring in the United States, but it is a slow coup. It may be culminated by one drastic move that consolidates the plan, but the pieces are being clearly put in place for a coup of the entire government with the eradication of democracy and the Constitution."
Discussing "executive power," (including Bush's attempt to use "signing statements" to implement his "unitary executive" (aka dictator) theories), "intelligence," (including Bush's illegal spying on American citizens), and Bush's military reach into domestic affairs, Rowan Wolf (great witch name!) concludes that "we have an administration attempting to institutionalize their vision of a 'unitary executive.' It is also an administration which has directly supported eroding the Constitutional protections of the people as well as fighting any oversight or transparency. It is an administration which has supported, and dramatically increased the role of the military in domestic operations, intelligence and direct intelligence gathering (spying on people in person), technology transfer, and enforcement tasks. This raises the prospect of a coup, [yet]few seem to see this as anything more threatening than a 'temporary' situation."
There's a power in naming something by its true name. The true name for the Bush administration is a coup.
"Wall Street Investors Climbing on the Climate Change Bandwagon Investors, and not just socially-conscious ones, have begun targeting companies that control GHGs, believing climate change regulation in the United States is not far off, the New York Times reported today.
Wrote the Times: "New carbon-tilted rating scales could come in handy, and investment research houses like Sanford C. Bernstein and Innovest Strategic Value Advisers are busily setting them up. Innovest, in partnership with UBS, has created a carbon beta basket, a fund that will hold 50 stocks in five industries. The fund managers would monitor global warming regulations and would buy and sell the stocks on the basis of how the companies would be affected by those rules."
Investors develop lists of "carbon leaders" and "carbon dogs" to rank companies in the area of climate change control, according to Innovest. The investors also are betting on an emissions trading system being instituted. Wrote the Times: "Such a system plays to the basic math of the carbon beta basket. The companies selling the credits would receive an added source of income and therefore would be deemed ‘carbon leaders;’ the companies buying them will incur a new cost and will be deemed ‘carbon dogs.’ Even companies that decide to reduce their emissions could wind up as dogs, from the view of the carbon basket's fund manager, because they must incur costs to switch fuels or buy pollution control equipment." New York Times , May 24."
BBC reports some encouraging news concerning the genocide in Darfur. BBC explains that, "UN envoy Lakhdar Brahimi [described as "Mr Annan's top trouble-shooter"] is to try to persuade the government to accept UN peacekeepers in Darfur. A report by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan accuses the Sudanese government of depriving Darfur residents of fuel and food, breaking humanitarian law." In particular, Brahimi will work to convince Sudanese leaders to accept a UN peacekeeping force, which would "take control of the peacekeeping mission from the 7.000 poorly equipped and under-funded African Union (AU) troops."
The women of Darfur need serious protection. Let's hope they get it soon.
"Kilgore Trout once wrote a short story which was a dialogue between two pieces of yeast. They were discussing the possible purposes of life as they ate sugar and suffocated in their own excrement. Because of their limited intelligence, they never came close to guessing that they were making champagne." Kurt Vonnegut
"All outward forms of religion are almost useless, and are the causes of endless strife…..Believe there is a great power silently working all things for good, behave yourself, and never mind the rest." Beatrix Potter
But, in the end, I don't care. Aided by the universe, or headed into the wind, I need to be on the side of the Earth, on the side of women, on the side of the poor, on the side of art, on the side of thriving. I have to take responsibility for trying to figure out what "the good" is and for doing it. Back in the misty days of my discovering Wicca, I read somewhere that, "A witch takes responsibility." It sealed the bargain; I knew that I was home.
Swamped today, but here's another poem from Stanley Kunitz, who died last week at 100. It's about snakes, so after you finish it, go read Echidne, who's one of the best writers on feminism that I know.
THE SNAKES OF SEPTEMBER
All summer I heard them rustling in the shrubbery, outracing me from tier to tier in my garden, a whisper among the viburnums, a signal flashed from the hedgerow, a shadow pulsing in the barberry thicket. Now that the nights are chill and the annuals spent, I should have thought them gone, in a torpor of blood slipped to the nether world before the sickle frost. Not so. In the deceptive balm of noon, as if defiant of the curse that spoiled another garden, these two appear on show through a narrow slit in the dense green brocade of a north-country spruce, dangling head-down, entwined in a brazen love-knot. I put out my hand and stroke the fine, dry grit of their skins. After all, we are partners in this land, co-signers of a covenant. At my touch the wild braid of creation trembles.
There's a small cafeteria in my office building and every day, every single day, they are not quite ready for the lunch crowd. You want to yell at them, "WTF? How can it continue to be a surprise to you that people suddenly start showing up here around noon EVERY SINGLE FUCKING DAY? Maybe tomorrow you could, you know, just assume that around 11:50 the cashier might want to get her change counted and be, oh, I don't know, AT THE CASH REGISTER?"
I work with a brilliant woman who normally comes into the office around 10:30 ish or works all day from home. Once in a while though, we have to be at court at 9:00 am or at the airport at 7:30. On those days, INEVITABLY, she calls me on my cell, running late, and says, in a surprised voice, "Traffic is really bad this morning!" And it's all I can do not to yell, "Yeah, Gail. Guess what? We work in Washington, D.C., one of the most congested cities in the entire United States. The traffic is bad EVERY morning. It was bad two weeks ago when you called me to say you were going to be late for court because of the traffic. It was bad a month ago when you called me to say you'd meet me at the other law firm for the deposition because traffic was bad. In fact, the next time that you've got to be somewhere early in the morning, maybe it would be smart for you to just ASSUME that traffic's going to be bad and leave in time to get where you're supposed to be!"
And, now we're coming up on another election. Five months, give or take. Electoral politics are going to be heating up, as they do EVERY SINGLE TIME THERE'S AN ELECTION. And I'd really, really, really like to think that THIS time, the Democrats won't act like the cashier in my cafeteria or my co-worker, caught totally off-guard by what anyone else could see coming a mile away. Here are a few things the Democrats need to get ready for NOW.
1. "You're saying you think it was better with Saddam in power."
2. "You're giving aid and comfort to the terrorists."
3. "You're for tax and spend."
4. "My opponent wants to cut and run."
5. "Most liberal, most liberal, most liberal."
6. "I respect my opponent's military service, but . . . ."
7. "You want gays to take over our country, convert our children, and burn our bibles."
8. "This time, trickle down economics will lift all boats."
9. "We'd have fifteen cent a gallon gas if my opponent weren't more concerned about the caribou than she is about working Americans and their gas bills."
10. 9/11, 9/11, 9/11, 9/11!
Look, I'm a witch and I have accesss to deep, esoteric secrets, vast, arcane wells of wisdom. And I'm going to share a few secrets with you:
Tomorrow, a strange yellow ball will rise in the eastern sky. Tomorrow, in the evening, the moon will be about three percent smaller than it will be tonight. And the Democrats, caught offguard again by the very tactics that Rove used an entire two years ago, won't have a good, standard, sound-bite-sized answer for any of the above-ten points. Come on, Dr. Dean, surprise me. Prove me wrong. Please.
I've been reading around on the internet and trying to understand what was going on in Akhmatova's mind and heart that led her to write what she wrote. The web is an interesting way to learn about a new subject; there's a ton of information out there, but it's disjointed, disorganized, in disarray.
She followed her heart very willingly, did Akhmatova, marrying poets and Assyriologists and loving (and being loved by) many others.
Bopping around on the web, I came across several different translations of a poem of hers called Song of the Last Meeting. Comparing them helps me to understand what she may "really" have been saying, since I can't read her in the original Russian. Which do you prefer?
Song of the Last Meeting (1911)
My breast grew helplessly cold, But my steps were light. I pulled the glove from my left hand Mistakenly onto my right. It seemed there were so many steps, But I knew there were only three! Amidst the maples an autumn whisper Pleaded: "Die with me! I'm led astray by evil Fate, so black and so untrue." I answered: "I, too, dear one! I, too, will die with you..." This is a song of the final meeting. I glanced at the house's dark frame. Only bedroom candles burning With an indifferent yellow flame.
Song of the Last Meeting
My breast was chilled through, oh so helpless, But my steps were still very light. I picked up the glove for the left hand And put it by chance on the right. It seemed like the steps were so many, But I knew there were only three! Fall's whisper, with maple-trees blending, Requested: "Now die with me!
I'm deceived by this my specious Fate far too fickle, untrue." I replied: "My precious, my precious! Me too. I shall die with you..."
'Tis the song of our very last meeting. I glanced at the house now all dark. Only candles in the bedroom were burning With a nondescript yellowish spark.
I was help less and my breast was freezing But I walked and my footsteps were light. And the glove that was meant for my left hand I unthinkingly put on my right. And it seemed that there were so many steps then, But I knew there were only three! In the maple trees there where the whisper Of autumn that said, 'Die with me.
For I've been deceived by a whimsy Called Fate-sad, wicked, untrue.' I answered, 'I've been deceived also, My dear, and I'll die with you.'
This: the song of our last meeting... I looked back at the dark house's frame; In the bedroom the candles were burning
HECATE'S ATTEMPT TO CHERRY-PICK THE BEST OF THE ABOVE THREE TRANSLATIONS:
The Song of Our Last Meeting
My breast was chilled through; I was helpless, But my steps were still very light. Unthinking, I pulled my left-hand glove Mistakenly onto my right. It seemed there were so many steps then, But I knew that there were only three! In the maple trees there was a whisper Of Autumn that said, 'Die with me.
For I've been deceived by Fate's whimsy And Fate's been sad, wicked, untrue.' I answered, 'I've been deceived also, My dear, and I'll die with you.'
This is the song of our very last meeting. I glanced at the house, now all dark. Except the bedroom candles were burning With a nondescript yellowish spark.
In the end, I'm struck by what may have been only a sense-impression or a throw-away line for Akhmatova: "Except that the bedroom candles were burning with a nondescript yellowish spark." She's leaving him not only because the rest of the house was dark but because, in the end, the sex just wasn't that good. So, translating various translations may be a poor way to learn what a poet was saying, kind of like trying to understand a painting by painting a copy of a copy reflected in a mirror. But it helps me, I think, to access Anna.
Why do I care? What makes it worth the effort? I can't thrive -- hell, I don't think I could live -- without poetry. Thriving isn't something that happens to us; it's something we do. What must you have to thrive? How much time do you spend doing it? If not, why and if not now, when? If we allow ourselves to wind down, to quit thriving, then John Ashcroft and Dick Cheney have won.
I'm a woman, a Witch, a mother, a grandmother, an eco-feminist, a gardener, a reader, a writer, and a priestess of the Great Mother Earth. Hecate appears in the
Homeric Ode to Demeter, which tells of Hades who caught Persophone
"up reluctant on his golden car and bare her away lamenting. . . . But no one, either of the deathless gods or of mortal men, heard her voice, nor yet the olive-trees bearing rich fruit: only tenderhearted Hecate, bright-coiffed, the daughter of Persaeus, heard the girl from her cave . . . ."